Feb. 10, 1931- J. c. CREAGMILE ET AL 1,791,803
DEVICE FOR GAUGING THE CAMBER AND TOE-IN OF AUTOMOBILE Filed Nov. 19, 1928 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS Jon/1 C. CREAGMILE FRED H. REIMAN @14 7.6, ATTORNEY Feb. 10,' I931. J. c. CREAGMILE ET AL 1,791,303
I DEVICE FOR GAUGING THE CAM BER AND TOE- IN OF AUTOMOBILE WHEELS Filed Nov. 19. 1928 s Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS' Jorm C. CREAGMILE FRED H. REIMER M MATTORNEY Feb; 10; 1931. J.'C.- CREAGMILE T AL 1,791,803
DEVICE FOR GAUGING THE CAMBERANDTOE-I-N OF AUTOMOBILE WHEELS Filed Nov. 19. 1928 JSheets-Sheet 3 m m in m INVENTORS' JOHN C. CREAGMILE FRED H. REIMAN MATT 0RNEY Patented Feb. 10, 1931 UNiTsnsTATss mum oFnc-a Joint c. OBIAGIILE, or Jan Rama, AND ram: 11. Batman, or sarrrmcrsco,
. v camronma DEVICE I03 GAUGING THE CALIBER TOE-IN OF AUTOMOBILE WHEELS Application filed November 19, 1928. Serial no. 320,895.
The present invention is an improved method and ap aratus for adjusting the eastor, camber, ans toe-in of the steering wheels of an automobile.
5 The principal object of the invention is the provision of a device, flush with the floor of a garage, upon which an automobile may be driven, said device being provided with: disks approximating in diameter that of the steering wheels of an automobile and provided with means whereby said disks may be adjusted to different angular positions and I may be moved toward and away from the determining their degrees of camber and toein before and after corrective treatment has been applied.
Another object is the rovision of a device of the character descril) ified for difierent makes of automobiles, and locked in said position during the operations of corrective treatment. f
Our invention contemplates a device, for installation in a service station, onto which an automobile may be driven and the front axle of said automobile bent in a cold state in conformity with standards laid "down by engineering authorities as being best adapted 3 to steering wheel practice. It is a well known fact that, if the cambe of the steering wheels-is not uniform on both 'sides of the'machine or if the toe-in is too great, undue wear on the tires is certain to ocour. While the degree of caster has a direct bearing onthe steering wheels and on the driver 5 control of same, it is hi hly desirable thatthese three angular a justm'ents of the steering 40 maintained.
Due to the fact that a slight-collision or undue strain or a shock, to an automobile ma seriously impair one or more ofsaid ad ustments without bein noticeableto a layman it is highly desira le to have an aparatusa-fpr the quickdetermination of camlf, caster, and toe-in, and our invention rovides such air-apparatus and because 0 the peculiarity of construction :of our inven tion, a method'of correction hasbeen evolved wheels of said automobile for .the purpose of ed which may be 20 adjusted to any predetermined position specwheels are properly made' and whereby the treatment necessary to restore thesteering wheels to their roper angularity may be efl'ectedwithout ismemberm the car and without removing the wheels; ther objects and advantages will be seen as this descri tion proceeds.
In t is specification and the annexed drawings, the invention is illustrated in the form considered to be the best, but it is not limited to such form becauseit may be embodied in other forms, and it is also to be understood that in and byvthe claims following the de-' scription it is desired to cover'the invention in whatever form itmay be embodied.
In the accompanying three sets-of drawm s tion asthe same appears when cast in a con-' crete floor over a workmans pit.
Figure 2 is avertic'al, longitudinal 'section of Figure 1, taken on the line II-II ofv said figur i'gure 1 is a top plan view of our inven- Figure 3 is avertical transverse section of parts shown in Figure 2, said section being in.- dicated by the line IIIIII of said fi re. Figure 4 is a diagrammatic view il ustrating our method of decreasin the camber of a conventional automoblle ax e.
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4-excepting that the operation is reversed and this figure'illustr'ates the method of increasin the camber of a conventional automobile ax e. a
Fi ure 6 is a view showing apair of $111 'mem rs in cross-section and showing in side elevation a link and bar in relation thereto.
' Figures 7, 8 and 9 are, respectively, front elevation, top plan, and rear elevation of a yoke member. r
Figures 10,11 and are, respectively, rear,
Sid; and front elevations of a shim member an Figures 14 and 15 are, respectively, rear,
side and front elevationsof a jack saddle.
Referring to the drawings the'numeral ;1,indi cates a pit, here shown as a rectangular cavity in a mass 20f concrete. Similar and shallower pits 3' communicate with themain pit .1 and. on the bottom of pits 3 rest sillmembers 4 and 5-. These sills 4 and 5 extend.
- laterally beyond thegnts 3 and are embedded in the concrete as in lcated in Figures 1 and 2 (spanning the pit) and are preferably formed of two conventional channel irons guide when said bed plate is moved there-' over. The underside of the tongue 7 is provided with teeth as indicated at 8- adapted to mesh with a gear wheel 9keyed to a shaft 11 which may be rotatedby either of hand wheels 12 secured to the ends of said shaft 11 on either side of said sills. At 13, Figures 1 and 2, is a pivot bolt threaded into the bed plate 6 and extending through a hole in a turntablemember 14 which overlies the bedplate.
Integral with turntable- 14 are L-shaped bracket members 16 between which extend of toe-in and camber of said wheels and it is desired.
therefore desirable that said disks be capable of adjustment to different angular positions with respect to the sills 4 and5 on two planes, one for toe-in and one for camber. Accord ingly the turntable 14 is pivoted on the bolt 13 and may be rotatedton said pivot until the desired toe-in position is reached, and held in said position by means of set screws 10 threaded through upwardly extending and spaced lugs 15 integral with the bed plate 6, different ones of said screws being arranged to respectively engage opposite sides of a tongue member 21, integral with the turntable 14 and disposed between the lugs 15. By advancing one of said screws and retracting the other said turntable may be moved and looked as desired. Said screws afford a micrometer adjustmentand can be calibrated-on the heads for this purpose if The adjustment for camber is determined as shown in Figure.2 wherein the disks 18 may be moved to the position indicated .1n
dotted lines by the rotation of lug 17 on its pivot bolt extending through said lug andv through the lugs .16. Any desired adjustment may be made by means of lock nuts 27 and 28 on the bolt 13 anchored in the turntable 14. Said nuts are threaded on the bolt 13, one on each side of a tongue member 30 integral with, and extending transversely from the disk 18. Tongue 30 1s, is eflect, thei short end of an elbow lever and a micrometer adjustment of the angularity of disk 18 is thus provided by the nuts 27 and 28; saidshown in Figures 1 and 2, an automobile to be serviced may be driven with its front wheels in channel members 29, Fig. 1, until the front wheels come to rest on the sills 4 and 5. The position of the disks 18 are predetermined as to camber and toe-in in accordance with the specifications of the make of carto be serviced-and rotation of the hand wheels 12 will move either of said disks into contact with the outer side of the steering wheel and an operator can observe at once any deviation from said standard, can determine the treatment necessary "to correct said deviation and, by the manipulation of hand Wheels 12, move said disk toward or' away from said wheel from time to time as necessary during the operation. In Figure 4 weshow a conventional automobile axle 31 and the method of servicing same to decrease the camber thereof. i-
' As soon as the car is drivenl to a position where'thefront wheels cometo. rest in the space between the sills '4 and 5 thebrakes are set and the car raised vertically, as indicated by the jack 32, Figure 4, until steering wheels, indicated in dotted lines at 33, clear the sills. In order to rigidly secure the axle 31 against any'rocking movement 'n the jack 32 we employ C-shaped links 54, the upper hook of which engages the t p side of axle 31 and the lower hook engages an eye 36 in a bar 37, said bar is fiat andis provided with a plurality of holes 38 in that end thereof which is remote from the link 34. When the front axle has been raised by jack 32 link 34 is hooked over the axle and through bar 37 and a pin 39 extended through one of the holes 38. Jack 32 is rotated until pin 39 enga es the bottoms of sills 4 and 5, as indicated in igure 6, and until the axle 31 is firmlyheld in horizontal position at which time either or both of the angle portions of the axle 31 may be bent upwardly at the elbow by means of a jack 41' which exerts an u ward pressure on said angular portion. n Figs. 13, 14 and 15 we show a 'ack saddle consisting of a wedge-she. ed bo y member 42 provided with upstan ing flanges 43 which prevent the saddle from slippin off the axle 31. A yoke dle 42. A tenon 48 on the underside of said shim en ages a hole 49 in the top surface of said sa dle 42. ,Thus, by select nga shim 47 which approximates the angularlty of the through said bail.
axle, an operator. removes bolt 46, places the bail 44 over-the said axle as shown in Figure 4, reinserts bolt 46 and rotates the jack 41 bending axle 31 to a degree indicated by the disk 18 which disk is moved against the wheel from time to time until the proper degree of bend has been accomplished.
In Figure we show the means for bending axle 31 in the opposite direction. In this instance avjack 51 is placed directly under the spring'perch 52 of axle 31. .A link 34 1s placed on each side of, said jack 51. Pins 39 are inserted beneath the sills 4 and 5 and jack 51 is rotated until said links are taut at which time further movement of said jack 51 (which is now the fulcrum: serves .to bend axle 31 and bend the angu ar portion. of said axle downwardly-thus increas- .ing the camber of wheel 33.
- form a correct said tie rod.
The correction of toe-in is accomplished I by adjustment of the tie rod, different means 7 being provided on different makes of steering gear for this purpose. Our device is useful in this respect in that the disks 18 may be rotated on a horizontal axis (bolt 13) to guide for said ad ustment of We will now describe means for indicating the castor of each steering wheel. The disks- 18 are provided with belt holes 53 which are threaded toenga ge set screws (not shown?l the purpose of which is to extend-throug slots 54 in a yoke member 56, Figs. 7, 8 and 9, and support said yoke diametrically across said disks. The slots 54 serve to permit vertical adjustment of the member 56 for useopposite Wheels of different diameters. When said yoke is attached to disk 18by means of set screws the device is leveled by' means'of a spirit level 57 which isfenesvtrated on opposite sides as indicated at 58 to make the yoke reversible so that one oke will serve for. both wheels.' Inasmuc as the jcastor of a wheel is determinedby the deviation of its axis from the vertical rotat1on of a spindle (indicated in dottedlines center of rotation of said s indlewhich inautomobile construction is t e king pin' on which the steering head is pivoted. A bolt 61 having a conical point 62 is slidably -mounted 1n the yoke 56. Said-bolt is normally held in retracted positionb an expansive spring 63 hearing at one en against the head 61A of said bolt and at the opposite end against an arm 64 pivotally mounted on "saidbolt. When said yoke is attached to disk 18 as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 3, (pin 61 is extended, (spring 63 yieldin un er pressure) until the conical-head 620% cal head 62a of a pinfilb engages the countersink in the end A of spindle 59. Due to the deviation from the vertical ofthe axis of the spindle 59 the end A of said spindle will be considerably higher at this on of its arc of travel and the degree of this elevation will.
be indicated by the pointed end 64a of arm 64 and the coincidence of said point with 'graduations 66 will apprise the operator of .the degree of castor and indicatethe necessary corrective treatment. 'This correction is accomplished by placing shims under, the spring saddes.
Weclaim: '1. A wheel-aligning device comprism an automobile run-way, a ,track exten mg transversely across said runway, turn-table' members supported on and movable alon said track, disk members carr ed. on sa turntables in upright position and for angular adjustment with respect thereto, and rovided with mutually confronting flat suraoes, means for adjusting'the angularit" of said surfaces relative to said turnta les, means for rotating said turntables, and means for moving said turntables toward or from each other along said track. v 2. In a wheel gauging device of the character described, a disk element having a plane face for disposal opposite and a acent the outer face of a dirigible wheel of a coo eratin pair thereof, a member carrying sai disk for adjustment about r endicularly related axes to dispose said ace for use as a: plane of reference with respect to said wheel face for determining thecorrectness of both the camber and toe-in of the said. wheel, and means to independently adjust said disk about the respective said axes. 3. In a device for gauging the camber and toe-in of a cooperatmg pair of automobile steering wheels, disks apsroximating the size of. said wheel and for: 1 the res ective wheels; mem ers carrying said dis s for independent angular ad ustment thereof about horizontal and vertical axes, means to secure said disks in their angularly adjusted positions on said members, means supportin said members for movesposal opposite ment toward or rom each other and to ad-'- justed positions thereof, and means for effecting said movement of said members to said ositions; i
4. a .device for gauging the camber and toe-in ofa cooperating pair of automo-.
bile steering wheelscarried at the extremities of a horizontal axle, movable bed-plates, a base member carrying said bed-plates for independent adjustment along a line-paral T0 raised on its pivot to a point where the comlel to and beneath the longitudinal axis of said axle, turntables mounted on said bed plates for adjustment about vertical axes,
disk members mounted on said turntables for adjustment about horizontal axes and having plane and mutually confronting faces for simultaneousdis osal opposite and adjacent the outer faces 0 the different said wheels to provide planes of reference with respect to the opposed wheel faces, means to fix said turntables in adjusted position to dispose the face of said disk members for indicating the correct degree of toe-in for said wheels, and means to fix said disk members in adjusted position with respect to said turntables to-dispose said disk faces for indicating the correct degree of camber for said wheels.
In testimony whereof We aflix our signatures. v
JOHN C. GREAGMILE.