4, 1931. P. H. EINBINDER 1,317,302
COMBINED COAT AND VEST Filed Feb. 18, 1930 up 1171 81!. dwf
Patented Aug. 4, 1931 IHILIP H. .EINBINDEB,
F DENVER, COLORADO COMBINED COAT AN D VEST Application filed February 18, 1830. Serial No. 429,289.
This invention relates to mens wearing apparel and has as an object the provision of an improved combined coat and vest wherein the vest is arranged as'an integral or permanent part of the coat and adapted to be worn in embracing relation with the body of the wearer or folded back against the inner surface of the coat.
A further object of the invention is to pro vide an improved construction of combined coat and vest wherein the vest portion of a garment is formed as an integral part of, or fixed permanently to, a coat facing.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved construction of combined coat and vest wherein the vest portion of the garment may be worn as such or folded within the coat portion without detracting from the fit of the garment. v A further object of the invention is to provide an improved construction of combined coat and vest adaptable to garments of varying styles.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved combined coat and vest susceptible of tailoring by means of conventional methods.
My invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of elements 3.0 hereinafter described, pointed out in my claims and illustrated by the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an elevation of a combined coat and vest embodying the features of my invention arranged as it would appear when worn as a combined garment. Figure 2 is a view of the garment shown in Figure 1 illustrating the manner in which the vest portion is folded away when the garment is to be worn as a coat only. Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 illustrating a modified construction of the garment. Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 2 illustrating the application of the invention to dress or.
tuxedo coats. Figure 5 is a cross section through one side of the garment shown in Figures 1 and 2 illustrating the vest portion in position to be secured in embracing relation about the body of a wearer. Figure 6 is a cross section similar to Figure 5 showing the vest portion folded back within the coat proper.
In the construction of the combined garment as shown, asack coat, designated generally by the numeral 10, is tailored in the usual and conventional manner with the exception of certain elements hereinafter described and is providedwith the customary front flaps 11 extending from skirt to lapel and adapted to be marginally overlapped and buttoned together as is standard prac tice. In the conventional coat, the front flaps 11 are faced with material matching the coat and said facing material is turned outwardly adjacent the coat collar to form the finished lapels, the inner margin of said facing material being secured to edges of the coat lining 12. In the combined garment shown, the front flaps 11 are each provided with a facing 13, relatively somewhat wider than the facings of a conventional coat, the outer margins of said facings 13 being stitched to margins of the front flaps 11, as is usual practice, the bottom edges of said facings being Secured to the bottom of the coat, top ends of said facings merging with the coat collar and the inner edges of said facings being free of the coat proper. The inner margins of the facings 13 are not cut straight, but have each an offset portion defining a flap 14 integral with said facing and having the form of onehalf of a vest front, said flaps 14 having lower margins spaced upwardly from the lower ends of the facings 13 and upper margins tapered upwardly to merge into said facing Where the latter merges with the coat collar, so that, when the flaps 14 are smoothed back against the coat 10 and within said coat, the upper margins of said flaps pass below and clear the armholes of said coat, as is clearly shown in Figures 2 and 3. The coat lining 12 has an outer edge stitched to the inner edge of the facing 13 below the flap 14, as is usual, but said lining is formed with an integral flap 15 which corresponds with and is stitched along its margins to the edges of the flap 14-, so that, when said flaps 14 are brought into embracing relation with the body of a wearer and buttoned or otherwise fastened together to form a vest, the lining 12 and lining flaps 15 are brought intoembracing relation about the body of said wearer for a length equal to that'of'the vest portion and take whatever strains and distortions of fit may result from changes of position of the wearer, leaving the coat to hang freely, there being no connection between the lining 12 or lining flaps 15 and the facings 13 or flaps 14 between thelower and upper edges of said flaps 14 where they merge with said facings. As shown in Figures and 6, buttons 16 are fixed on the inner sides and adjacent the inner margins of the flaps 14 and loops 17 are secured to the 'coat' lining 12 in position to be engaged by said buttons 16 when said flaps 14 are folded withinthe coat and hold said flaps smoothly within and against said coat, thus preventing unsightly bulkiness or wrinkling due to said fiaps when the coat is'worn without the vest flaps fastenedtogether.
In the modification according to Figure 3, the construction is in all respects the same as above described, save that the flaps 14 are shown as stitched to inner margins of the facings 13 instead of being cut integrally therewith, this modification giving the same results as though said flaps were integral with said facings and permitting the use of contrasting material for the vest flaps, when desired, as well as permitting more economical cutting of material, in some instances. 7
In the modification shown in Figure 4, the
improvement is shown as applied to a dress or tuxedo coat, in which case the vest flaps f 14 have a difierent shape than those for asackcoat, but are otherwise the same in principle and function. It is of courseobvious that the modifications of Figures 3 and 4 ma be combined, when desired. s In practical use of the combined garment shown and described, the flaps 14 may be buttoned back within the coat 10 as shown in Figures 2, 3, '4 and. 6 and the coat slipped on and worn'as though there were no vest portion, said flaps 14being folded baclrunder the arms of the'wearer and within the coatwhere they cause no: discomfort or unsightly appearance VJ hen a vest is desired, the buttons116are released from their loops 1? and and a coat lining secured to margins of said vest halves and the otherwise free margins of said facings, saidvest halves and the forward'margins of said lining being entirely free of the body portion of said coat.
. 2. A combined coat and vest comprising a coat formed with front flaps, relatively'wide facings on and secured along their forward margins to said front flaps, the rear margins of said facings being unsecured to said front flaps or coat, vest halves on and forming contin'uations of rear margins ofsaid facings, means for positioning and holding said vest halves within and against inner surfaces of said coat and a coat lining secured to margins of said vest halves and the otherwise free margins of said facings, said vest halves and the forwardmargins of said lining being entirely free of the body portion of said coat.
Signed at Denver, in the county of-Denver and State of Colorado, this sixteenth day of October, 1929.
PHILIP H. EINBINDER.
the margins of the flaps 14 brought forward and together about the body of the wearerto be overlapped and buttoned together with times without the necessity for a separate 1 garment and at considerable saving'in matethe appearance of the conventional vest, the frontufiaps 11 of the coat being free to hang open,-as shown in Figure 1, or to be buttoned together according to the wishes of the wearer. vThus the appearanceand convenience of a .vest may be had at any and all rial and expense.
Since of necessity certain changes and modifications in the specific form and relation of, the elements of my invention must be hadin adapting the principle ofthe in- I