Patentes Aug. 4, i931 unirse STATES PATENT OFFICE HARVEY ID. GEYER, F DAYTON, OHIO, ASSIGNOR T `THE INLAND MANUFACTURING- CMPANY, OF DAYTQN, GHIO,YA CORPORATION OF DELAWARE RUBBER emicrania Application filed November 3, 1926. Serial No. 146,64@
rlhis invention. relates to flexible rubber and fabric connectors adaptedffor use as sul stitutes for spring shackles, torque arm connections and the like.
y, lts object is to provide a. simple and etlicient form of rubber and fabric connecl tion which can be produced at low cost..
Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the 1.3 following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein a preferred form of embodiment of the present invention is clearly shown.
ln the drawings: l,
Fig. 1 is a vertical section on line 1e-1 of Fig. 2 and illustrates a shackle built according to this invention connecting the rear end of the semi-elliptic front springof an automobile chassis to the side` rail of the chassis 2d frame. A
Fig. 2 is an end view of the shackle taken on line 2-2 of Fig, 1.
Similar reference characters refer to similar parts in the' several views.
chassis frame and 11 the projecting end of the long leaf of the leaf spring 12. The molded rubber and fabric unit which is fixed to parts 1() and 11 is indicated in its entirety by numeral l5. This molded unit 15 comprises an elastic rubber, block l of greater length than width and having bulging lateral sides and substantially flat top and bottom surfaces. Rubberized cord fabric is wrapped laterally around block 16 to form an endless flexible fabric casing 17 thereforbut leaving the ends 18 of the rubber block 16 uncontined. The substantially non-extensible cords of the fabric casing 17 extend peripherally around block 1G in the direction in which the fabric is wrapped therearound. The molded in metal inserts 2() are put in position aft-er the several inner layers 21 of the cord fabric have been wrapped on, and then the outer layers 22 of cord fabric are'wrapped on extending around the outside of the inserts 20. as clearly illustrated in the drawings. The inserts have outwardly projccting slightly tapered bosses 23 and 2l, the bosses 23 projecting beyond the outersurface Numeral 10 designates the side rail'of theof the cord fabric casing 17 while the tip of bosses 2st lies substantially flush with said outer surfacewhen in final position (see Fig. 1). This unit l5, made as above described, is
vulcanized in a'suitable mold to the desired i degree of hardness and flexibility. The elastic. rubber bloclr 16 when removed from the mold should be of suicient hardness to withstand lthe compression load imposed thereupon without excessive bulging out at the unconiined ends thereof, while the rubberized cord fabric casing 17 should be very flexible at the bulging lateral sides 25 andL may be cured quite hard and non-flexible at' the .portions 26 vwhich are clamped between the metal inserts 2O and the partslO and 11.
Now this molded unit 15 may be readily ,l
secured to part'll by Iextending the 'vta ered end of boss 23 into the corresponding y ta'- pered holeY 30 `in the spring lea-f 11, and then gby the elastic rubber block 16 which is'due to the Weight of the automobile body causes the rubberblock to bulge out laterally against thefportions of the fabric casi-ng lfohus putting these portions undertension.
over since these portions 25 are substantially non-extensibleunder such tension the lateral bulging of the block 16 will be limited thereby. The block 16 is free to bulge out at its uncon lined ends, however the vertical area of these ends is'small compared to the horizontal sectional area of the elastic rubber block and since the elastic rubber is firmly bonded tothe fabric casing this end bulging will not be excessive if the rubber block is cured to the proper degree of hardness. l
The desired to and fro movement of the end 11 of the semi-elliptic spring 12 is ermitted by apeculiar distortion of the rub er block 1G and the laterally bulging portions 25 of the fabric casing 17 without any excessive stress on the fabric casing. This peculiar distorlf2 (ilA aon is not easily described. If @heiem walls 25 of the fabric casing were 1n vertical planes, rather than bulging out as clearly Ashown in Fig. 2, such to and fro movement of the spring end 11 could not be had without very great shearing strees on the fabrlc casi ing. The outward bulging of the lateralwalls 25 permits the fabric casin to follow this to and fro movement of spring end 11 without excessive shearing stress thereupon by giving the elastic rubber block 16 a sort of skewed distortion as the spring end 11 moves in either direction from its normal centercl position.
lVhile the form of embodiment of the present invention as herein disclosed, constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be ado ted, all com1ng within the scope of the claims which follow.
lVhat is claimed is as follows:
1. In combination with a leaf spring and frame of a vehicle, a shackle interposed between said spring and frame and comprising: an elastic rubber block extending longitudinally with said sprinI and having a ilexible web of rubberized fa ric wrapped about the lateral sides thereof and molded thereto, and means for clamping'the lower portion of said flexible web to said spring and other means for clamping the upper portion of said web to said frame.
2. A compression shackle for connectin a leaf spring to a member supported there comprising: an elastic rubber block, a fiexib e rubberized fabric web molded to the lateral sides of said block leaving the ends of said block unconlined, and means for fixing the lower portion of the rubber and fabric unit to said leaf spring,'and other means for fix-v ing the upper portion of said unit to said member. f
3. In combination, a compression shackle for flexibly connecting two relatively movable members comprising, an elongated block V of elastic rubber having a fiexible non-stretchable fabric casing over the bulging lateral walls thereof and having its end walls unconfined, said blocks being secured between said two members connected thereby with its long axis extending in the direction of relative motion between said members. A
4. A flexible connector, comprising a molded body of elastic materialreinforced by a substantially non-extensible fabric casing molded therein, said connector having two diametrically opposed metal inserts embed dedbetwcen the laminee of said fabric casing and each having means for clamping they portion of the fabric casing exterior thereto to one of the parts/to be connected by said connector.
5. A flexible connector, comprising a molded body of elastic material reinforced by a substantially non-extensible fabric casing molded thereimsaid connector having two div attachment thereto of the parts to be connected by said connector. p
Intestimony whereof I hereto aiiix my signature. i
HARVEY D.- GEYER.