Se'pt.A 29, 1931. E. o. FREDERlcs I HAIR CURLING DEVICE Filed oct. 12. 1928 'Patented Sept. 29, 1931 UNITED srArssPA'rr-:Nr Orl-lcs Emmer o. Femmes, or Naw vom; N, Y., Samson 'ro 'n Immos, me., or maw roman. Y., A conromrron or maw Yonx HAIR UUBIING DEVICE Application med Gotobei' 12, R28. Serial No. 811,994.
This invention relates to hair curling devices, and particular] to devices for winding tresses of hair or hair-waving treatments. ln general, it is an object of the invention to provide a device of the character described which is simple and economical of manufacture and on which tresses of' hairmay be readily and securely wound. l
A more s ecic object of the invention is directed to t e provision of improved means to prevent slipping of the hair during a windin operation. p
Anot er object is to` provide improved Vmeans for facilitating the winding o hai-r on a curling device.
Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and will in part appear hereini sirable to provide means for perm1ttmg a after. v 2a The invention accordingly comprises an article of manufacture possessing the lfeatures, properties 'and the relation of elements which will be exemplied iii the article hereinafter described, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the claims.V
f For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention reference should be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which: Y
Figure 1 is apartly sectional view of one form of hair-.curling device constructed in accordance with the invention;
Fig. 2. hows this orm of curling device with the'hair wound thereon;
Fig. 3 is a partly sectional view of another form of curling device constructed in accordance with the invention; and J Fig. 4c is a fragmentary view of a modied form of curling element.
In winding tresses of hair on a curling de-` vice, and particularly in the Croquignole methodl of winding, in which laterally spread tresses of hair are wound upon themselves on a curling'device which is ordinarily of somewhat greater extent at its ends than at an intervening portion against which the outer ends of the hair are held, considerable diiiiculty has been experienced because ofthe particularly'desirable that no rotation df the ,occupy no unnecessary space, and will eliminate the danger of hair catching there1n. --In tendency of the hair to slip or bunch during the 4winding operation. This is true articularly in the Croquignole metho of winding, since the hair 1s wound upon itself, and the outer ends of the hair must be automatically and securely held in place so that 1 they will not slip at any time while the inner portions of the hair are being wound thereover; and in this method of windin it is also curling elemen'tBin a direction contrary to the winding directi v11 can be caused by the operator. It will thus behseen that it is desirable to provide simple and effective means to prevent such slippage of the hair during the winding operationas would prevent the same from being readily wound, or would cause the same to bunch; and it is also defree rotation of the curling device in the direction in which the hair is to be wound,
'while resisting rotation in the opposite direction,
The present invention contemplates the provision of means on a curling element which will catch and hold the hair lin a Inan-` ner which will reduce to a minimum the danger of slipping. It also contemplates the provision of improved means for resistmg rotationlof the curling element in the direcanv tion` opposite to that in which vthe hair is wound, and particularly, the provision of rotation-resisting means of a simple and eco-e nomical type and of a nature such that it will order to accomplish these urposes, there is rovided in vthe exempli cation shown in ig. 1 a curling element5 havin end portions 6 and 7 the diameter ofwhich is relativel large, and an intermediate portion 8 the iameter of which is relatively small son as t6 accommodatethe greater number' of, layers' formed in winding the longer tresses ci the hairby the Croquignole method. In. Qrder to bind `,the outer ends of the tresses of hair securely at this intermediate portion to prevent slipping, the portion 8 1s formed with a series of annular. grooves 9. Preferbly, it is also formed with means such as theI 10o longitudinal grooves 10 intersecting the annular grooves and providing shoulders along the. edges of the annular grooves and providing transverse indentatlons, to cooperate with the annular grooves to prevent slipping. The annular grooves are preferably deep form of clip may be utilized -in connection-`- with such a device to-assist in holding the hair in place,l if desired.
The curling device is provided at one of its ends with a knob 11 by which the same may be rotated, and at the opposite end with an attaching element 12 which is adapted to be held permanently in place when the device is in use. The attaching element 12 has formed thereon a sleeveY 13 which lits into a recess 14 in the end of the curling'element 5.` The sleeve is rovided 'with an annular groove 15 into whlch a pin 16 extends from the curling element to prevent the sleeve from sliding out of the recess 14. Y In order to prevent the relative rotation of the sleeve 13 and the curling element 5, there is provided a spring 17, which lits within the sleeve and within a reduced diameter recess 18 extending, inwardly from the recess 14. This permits the knob to be turned readily to rotate the curler in one direction, when the attaching element 12 is secured in place, while effectively preventing an accidental contrary -movement of the knob which would interfere with the proper winding of the hair.
In the form exemplified inFig. 3, the at? 'taching element 12 is secured in place by a rod 19 extending` through, and rotatably mounted within, the curling element and having at its free end a disc 20 which fits within a recess 21 in the knob. In this exemplification the attaching element is-exemplied as provided with a sleeve 13 in which no groove is provided. IvIn Fig. 4 there is shown a curling element formed 'only with annular grooves 9.
.Itwill thus be seen thatnot only is an exceedingly simple and economical arrangement provided, but that the easy windingof hair in a correct and efficient manner is assured; and the practical availability of the Croquignole method of winding hair is greatly increased. Since certain changes may be made in the above article, and different embodiments of the invention could be made, without departing from the scope thereof,`it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It' is also to be understood that the follow- Iling claims are intended to cover all of the generic and specific eatures of the invention herein described and all statements of the scope of the invention which as a matter of language might be said to fall there between. Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A hair curling device, comprising a curling element and an attaching element, said curling element being formed intermediate its ends with a series of annular groovesand with longitudinal grooves intersecting said annular grooves, means for rotatably connecting said attaching and curling elements, and means to prevent relative rotation of said elements in one direction while permitting relative rotation thereof in the other direction.
' 2. A hair curling device, comprising a curling element formed intermediate its ends 'with a series of annular grooves, and means providing shoulders along said grooves whereby from its ends to an intermediate portion said intermediate portion being formed with a series of annular grooves and with one or.
more longitudinal grooves intersecting said annular grooves whereby tresses of hair will be securely bound to the curling element against slipping,4 when the element is rotated.
4. A hair curling device comprising a curling element the diameter of which is reduced from its ends to an intermediate portion, said intermediate portion being formed with a yseries of annular grooves of sucient depth to4 receive a plurality of strands of hair for securin tresses of 'hair' against slipping when t e-element is rotated to wind 'the tresses of hair upon themselves.
l 5. A hair curling device, comprising a curling element formed intermediate its ends witha series of' annular grooves of suicient depth to receivea plurality of strands of hair whereby tresses of hair will be' securelybound to the curling element against slipping when the element isrotated.
6. A -hair curling device, comprising a curlin element formed intermediate its ends with a plurality of longitudinal grooves and with other grooves intersecting said longitudinal grooves, for securing tresses of hair against slipping when the element is rotated. 7. A hair. curling device, comprising a .curling element and an attaching element arranged for relative-rotation, and means contained within one end of the curling element for preventing vrelative rotation of said elements4 in oneI direction while permitting relalll tive rotation thereof in the other direction,
said means including a member extending from said attaching element and within said end of the curling element.
8. A hair curling device, comprising a curling element having a smaller diameter at its center than at its ends, an attaching element at one endv of the curler, a 'knob at the other end of the curler, and means for securing said attaching element to the curling element so as to permit relative rotation thereof in one direction and to prevent relative rotation thereof in the other direction, the lastmentionedfmeans being contained within one end ofthe curling element.
9. A lair curling device, comprlsing. a curling element, an attaching element d1sposed against one end of the curling element,
the aforesaid end of said curling element being formed with a recess having a reduced diameter portion, a sleeve secured to the attachlng element and extending into said recess, a coil spring fitting within said sleeve and extending into the reduced diameter portion of said recess and serving to prevent `relative rotation of the curling element and the attaching element in one direction.
10. A hair curling device, comprising a.
curling element, an attaching element, means for connecting said elements to prevent relative axial movement thereof, and means at the end of the curling element adjacent the attaching element to prevent relative rotation of said elements in one direction, the latter means comprising aligned interior bearing surfaces on the curling element and` the attaching element, respectively, and a helical spring adapted to be expanded against said bearing surfaces.
11. A hair curling device, comprising a curling element, an attaching element disposed against one end of thefcurling element, pin and groove means adjacent said end for rotatably securing said elements together, and further means adjacent said end and comprising a helical spring for preventing relative rotation of said elements in one directlon.
12. A hair curling device, comprising a curling element formed intermediate its ends with grooves extending in the direction in which the hair is Wound, said grooves being of suilicient depth to receive a plurality of strands of hair one upon the other and of` sufficient width to receive a plurality of strands of hair alongside each other, whereby the ends of tresses of hair may be pressed into the grooves and held therein at the beginning of the winding, and whereby the winding of the tresses of the hair will cause ,the strands thereof to be pressed more firmly into the grooves to hold the hair firmly in placeonthe curler. y
In testimony whereof I aiix my signature.
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