'J. H. GHAPPEL.
Y BIRD-CAGE. Y No. 182,558. v Pazentd sept.ze,1a7e.
UNITED STATES? JOHNv H. cHAPrnL, onBRooKnvn, Assienon on ONE-HALF or n "PATENT,
To JAcoB MAY, or BUFFALO, `1v1-iw YORK. y
IMPROVEMENT iN BnaD-'c/icnas.`
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 182,558, dated September 26, 1876; application filed August '7, 1876.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known thatA I, J OHN H. GHAPPEL, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements ,in Bird-Gages; and I do hereby declare that the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying sheet of drawings, forms a full,.clear, and exact specification.
My invention relates in general to improvements on bird-cages; and it consists in providing the lower end of a cage with a removable open-worked screen attached to the lower band by pivoted clamps or hooks, said screen being provided with a cone-shaped rise or canopy, to which is secured a swivel, by means of which the bird-cage bottom is fastened 4to said screen, and as a matter of sequence to the cage.
In order to enable others skilled in the art to which my invention appertains to make and use the same, I shall proceed to describe its construction and operation, and thereby refer to the hereinbefore-mentioned drawings, in whichi if Figure lis a longitudinal sectional elevation, and Fig. 2 a plan, of a bird-cage provided with my improvements.
Like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Ff. A represents the lower band of a cage, and B its bottom. The cage itself is of the usual well-known construction, made in any of theusual styles or shapes, my improvements being applicable to all of them. The bottom opening of this cage is provided with an openworked or perforated screen, C, attached to the lower band A by means of clamps or,
hooks D engaging with the upper edge of the band A. This screen is provided centrally with a rise or canopy, E, to which is attached a downwardly-projecting swivel, F. The bottom B is provided with arise, Gr, corresponding to that of the screen C. The apex of this rise G is provided with an aperture or slothole, I, for the passage of the swivel F. This swivel serves to lock the cage-bottom B to the perforated screen (l, which, in turn, is re movably attached to the lower band ot' the cage.
The obj ect of the device heretofore described is to provide a bird-cage with means whereby the bird is prevented from escaping when the cage-bottom has been removed for cleaning or other purposes, without interfering with its picking up of the gravel from the cage-bottom when on the cage; and, furthermore, to enable the removal of the bottom without necessitating the removal of the cage from its hook or other suspending device. This I accomplish by my .said device in the following manner:
I first attach the open-worked or perforated screen C to the lower band A by means of the hooks D, and then slide the bottom with the slot-hole I over the handle of the swivel F, when, by turning said swivel a quarterturn, the cage-bottom will be locked to the screen, and as a consequence to the cage. It is desirable that the swivel should be so arranged as to draw the bottom somewhat toward the screen, or vice versa, in order to prevent the bottom from rattling, and thereby disturbing the bird.
The screen C may consist of a perforated sheet of metal, with the canopy stamped or otherwise produced or attached, or it may be made of woven, or other wire work., it being provided with a band, K, on its periphery to serve as a pivot for the hooks D, and at the same time to strengthen the screen.
When the bottom is desired to be removed it is simply necessary to turn the swivel in its proper position to correspond with the slothole I. This allows the removal ofthe said bottom without interfering with the screen C, which, in this case, serves as an auxiliary 4bottom, and prevents the escape ofthe bird.
The gravel or gravel-paper used in birdcages is placed upon the bottom B, and can be easilyvreached by the bird through the open-Worked screen (l.
In large rectangular or breeding cages I shall provide the screen 0 with one or more trap-doors, forinserting and removing the bath Without removing the front or cage door, which disturbs the setting birds. On such cages I shall also provide the screen C with two swivels, F, and accessories, to more securehold the base B to said screen C. In fact.
iffound necessary, two of these swivels may Is `meer bc made. in -all the screens without changing the/...nature ofxmyinvention. Having thus fully described my invention, I desire to secure to me by Letters Patent of the United States- The combination,.with the band A, of an intermediate or auxiliary bottom or screen, G,- and the'bottoln proper, B, secured to said auxiliary bottom, substantially in the manner andfor the use and purposedescribed.
2. The combination, with the screen O, of the central rise or canopy E, bottom B, With the rise G and slot-,hole I, and the swivel the Whole constructedandarranged substanf tially as described, for the use and purpose stated.
In testimony whereof Ijhave hereto set my i hand and affixed myseal inthe presence oftWor v subscribing witnesses.