Oct. 6, 1931. J. CASSELMAN TRANSMISSION MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 7. 1929 hwzmoz JA 5 QA mm.
TRANSMISSION MECHANISM Filed 061;. 7, 1929 2 $h89t$$h99i 2 \NVENTOK J5me Qas u.
Patented Oct. 6, 1931 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;
JAMES CASSELMAN, F HARTSMERE, ONTARIO, CANADA TRANSMISSION MECHANISM Application filed ember '7, 1929, Serial No. 397,871, and in Ga'nada October s, 1928.
This present invention relates to improvements in transmisslon mechan sm appertaining particularly to a variable friction transmission adapted for use in automobiles, mo-
tor boats, othervehicles, stationary engines and'similar power plants where it is desirable to obtain varying strength andspeed from a power unit.
An object is to provide a built-in or encased friction transmission set coupling the power unit and drive shaft so that the power unit and drive/shaft may bereadily disconnected entirely at any time or coupled in any desired speed relation from the maximum rotation' in one direction to the maximum rotation in the reverse. p I A further object is to provide a variable speed friction transmission wherein the coupling between the power unit and drive shaft 0 is Variable gradually' all the wayfrom maximum speed rotation in one direction to the maximum reverse by simple operation of a hand lever. e A further object ofthe invention is to provide a friction transmission wherein the actual coupling of the power unit and drive shaft is controlled by a releasing foot pedal and the varying adjustment, of the said power [un t and drive shaft is accomplished bythe operation of a hand lever. r
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a transmission mechanism as described that is characterized by structural simplicity, the elimination'of extraneous and unnecessary parts, ease of operation, direct action, durability, and low cost of production, being thereby rendered commercially desirable. U 7 To the accomplishment of these and redescription proceeds, my invention resides in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts as shall be hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and pointed out irithe claim hereunto appended, A The invention will be'best understood and can be more clearly described when reference is had to the drawings forming a part of this mechanism in changed relation;
lated objects, as willbecom'e apparentas the invention wherein like characters indicate like parts 'throughoutjthe several views.
In the drawings 2 V V Figure 1 is a fragmentary sectional side? elevation of a conventional power plant with my improved transmission mechanism associated therewith;
Figure 2 is a similar side View showing the variable speed elementsof the transmis sion mechanism in an altered position; i
,Figure '3 is a fragmentary sectional plan of the same assembly; p
Flgure 4 is a similar plan view showing the d rect coupling parts of the transmission Figure 5 is a transversesection of the splined end of the driveshaft;
Figure 6 is a'fr'agme'ntary detail elevation,
showing the friction disk releasing mecha- Iu Y 7 many Ways mechanical transmission by the use of gearing is deficient, chief among which 1s its inability to provide the desired minute variable ad ustment between power unit and drive when limited to a given number of selective ratios.
I Inv my improved transmission, all the ad "vantages of a variable adjustable friction coupling are incorporated and the number ofworking, wearing and adjusting parts are remarkably few and their construction, assembly and operation simple.
This friction transmission mechanism is here shown, except for the controls, encased in the housing6 built into or against the back end of the power unit or motor 7 the crank shaft 8 of which vcontinues into the forward end of the housing and terminally carries a friction wheel 9 keyed or otherwise fastened tightly thereto. I
The'drive shaftlO which enters the housing from the opposite end is obviously aligned with the crank shaft Sand extends forwardly into close proximity to the wheel 9, carried on the rear end of the latter shaft. The forward end of the drive shaft 10 is splined as at 11 to receive the second friction ,wheel 12 which carries, to its rear, a double flanged collar 13. As this" friction wheel 12 is adapted to slide freely longitudinally on shafts 6 pivoting on and with the splined end of the shaft 10 an operating means is shown comprising a hand lever 14 pivoted on the casing 6 and controlled by the action of a thumb depressed spring urged catch 15 in a toothed segment 16 while the lower end 17 of the lever 14 continues through a slot 18 in the housing top and is forked or bifurcated toutmddle the'collnn l3iandlwork between thespaced'pair of flanges thereof.
the respective inner ends of aligned transverse s afts 21 journalled in the opposite sides of the housing 6 so that. said disks are in planes at right angles to the friction wheels 9 and 12, parallel with each other and their s accd confronting faces on opposite sides the said friction wheels, into engagement' with which said disks are normally urged b the coil springs 22 surrounding. the 2d and compressed between the inner sides of'the housing walls and the bearing mamas carried on the supporting brackets 24 projecting inwardly at an angle fronropposite side walls of theihousing 6.
A foot pedal 25, for releasing the disks 20 from engagement with the friction drive wheefs9 and 12 and thereby disconnecting the power unit and drive, rises to a convenient position from one side of the housing 7, the transverse rod 26 to which it'is rigidly fastened. Thisirod 26 extends transversely across the to i of the housing 6 from side to side thereof. rom
a the crank ends 27 of the rod26' depend 5 a pair of rods 28 on either side of the casing 650 as to also pivotally-connect with the short arms 29' extended radially from the sleeves 30', which are rotatably mounted on the outer end rtions of the shafts 21 between the bearings 31 rigid with the housing 6 and the stop collars 32 secured to the shafts 21 adjacent the outer extremities thereof. The opposed faces of the bearings 31' (which sur- 4 round the shafts 21) and the sleeves 30 are T bevelled or cam shaped and-opposed so that upon rotation of the sleeve 30 in one direction, on the depression or forward movement of the foot pedal 25, the shaft 26 rotates to spread ordisconneot the disks 2G by the action of the rods 28, operating the fingers 29 of the sleeves 30. On this outward movement of the shafts 21,the springs 22 are compressed thus assuring action of the springs 22. to return the shafts Z1 and the rods 28 as well as the fingers29, sleeves 30 and the foot pedal 25 to normal or unoperaied position and the disks 2) into engagement with the friction Wheels 9 and 12 when the foot pedal 25' is M) a in released, pivoting on upstanding pmtles '28 carried inwardly from the front Wall of the housing about level with the shafts 8, 10 and 21, have their respective inturned arms engagin the depending fingers 26 and their rearwardiy directed arms forked to straddle and work in the disk collars 23 A pair of coupling disks 20 are carriedon' and between the spaced flanges thereof so that on the depression or forward movement of the foot pedal 24 the shaft 25 rotates to spread or disconnect the disks 20 by the action of the cam fingers 26 on the controlling bell cranks 27.
On account of the preceding detailed description. of the invention, its construction and assembly should be clearly understood so that it will sufiice in conclusion to make but brief reference :to its: use and modus operandi: When the motor 7 is running, the same may be allowed to idle disconnected from the drive shaft 10 by depressing the foot pedal 25'thus spreading the disks 20 out 3 of contact with the friction drive wheels 9 and 12. The releasing of the pedal 24 brings the disks20 into operation and the shaft 10 is rotated at the desired speed and in any chosen ratio with the motor by the simple manipulation of. the hand lever 14, that can gradually increase the rotation of the drive shaft 10 in either direction from a standstill to its maximum speed.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be-manifest that a transmission mechanism is provided that will fulfil all the nec' essary requirements of such a device, but as many changes could be made in the above 1.
description and many apparently widely different embodiments of my invention may be constructed within the scope of the appended claim,without departing from the spirit or scope thereof, it is intended that all matters contained in the said accompanying specification and drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limited sense.
Having thus described my invention what I claimas new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
A variable friction transmission mechanism comprising the combination with the crank shaft of a power unit and an aligned drive shaft; of a friction wheel fixed on an end of said crank shaft; a second friction wheel rotatable with and longitudinally slidable on said aligned drive shaft; a housing for encasing said mechanism; means for moving said second friction wheel longitudinally on its shaft; a pair of opposed friction disks parallel with each other andin planes at right angles to said friction wheels and mounted on the inner ends of respective aligned stub shafts journalled in opposite sides of said housing; coil springs compressed between the housing and said friction disks for normally holding said disks in engagement with the peripheries of said friction wheels; a transverse rod extending across said housing from side to side and above the same; a pair of depending rods on opposite sides of said housing; radial arms carried by said transverse rod and pivoted to the upper ends of said depending rods, one on either side of the hous- T ing so as to straddle the same; a foot pedal fastened exteriorly to said transverse rod at one side of said housing; stationary bearings on said housing surrounding said stub shafts and having outer cam faces; collars rigid with said stub shafts and spaced from said last In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
JAMES CASSELMAN. [L. s.]